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Home | Articles | Important Calimanco Quilt

American, late 18th century
78 x 80 inches
Courtesy of Jan Whitlock Textiles & Interiors

Calimancos are glazed-wool quilts. The glazed surface is a result of starch, egg white, and/or heat and pressure application. The worsted cloth that comprises the face of this quilt was likely imported from England in the last quarter of the eighteenth century. Without the glaze, these quilts are referred to as linsey woolseys, or more correctly, as wool wholecloth quilts.

The interest in this spectacular example is that it is glazed but also pieced in a very simplistic but pleasing indigo and mushroom “bars” pattern. The quilting is worth noting in that the fine scrolls and well-designed grape and vine pattern follow the color placement, and the original chin guard deliberately uses an overabundance of pumpkin-seed quilting to give added strength to that area. Hard to come by, this is the only pieced calimanco quilt acquired by Jan Whitlock in the last three years.

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