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Henry Bayley Snell

Born in Richmond, England, on September 29, 1858, Henry Bayley Snell was the son of Edward and Elizabeth Snell. At the age of seventeen Henry immigrated to the United States and studied painting at the Art Students League in New York in 1882-1883, 1888, and 1889-1890. In 1888 he married the artist Florence Francis, who was also a native of England.

In the early 1880s Snell worked for a printing and etching house called the Photoengraving Company, where he met another aspiring young artist, William L. Lathrop. The two quickly became friends, and in the mid-1880s spent several weeks sailing and painting on Lake Erie near Lathrop's ancestral home in Painesville, Ohio. They also traveled to England together in 1888. The Snells' first visit to Bucks County may have been as early as 1898, when Lathrop made his first visit to the area. Henry and Florence spent many Sunday afternoons at the Lathrop home at Phillips Mill. Around 1925 the Snells settled permanently in New Hope, where they rented the top floor of the Solebury Bank building at the corner of Bridge and Main.

The Philadelphia School of Design for Women (now the Moore College of Art and Design) in Philadelphia offered Snell a teaching position in 1899, which he accepted, remaining on the faculty until his death in 1943. Considered the most influential teacher on the staff, Snell taught many of the women who would eventually form the group called the Philadelphia Ten. Frequently returning to his native England to paint, especially to the artist colony at St. Ives on the coast of Cornwall, Snell often took along students from his classes. He was well known for marine scenes as well as landscapes painted around New Hope, particularly from his apartment. He taught in the summers at Gloucester, Massachusetts (1916-1920), and at Boothbay Harbor, Maine (1921-1927).

Snell was named assistant director of fine arts for the U.S. Commission to the Paris Exposition of 1900, and was elected to the National Academy of Design in 1906. He also served as president of the New York Water Color Club. Snell continued to participate and win prizes in many of the major exhibition events of the early 1900s, including the Panama-Pacific International Exposition of 1915 in San Francisco, where he was awarded both gold and silver medals.

Snell exhibited frequently at the Pennsylvania Academy of the Fine Arts, Philadelphia, from 1890 to 1938, and received a fellowship from the academy in 1916. He also exhibited at the Philadelphia Art Club, the Nashville Exposition in Tennessee, the 1900 Paris Exposition, the 1901 Pan-American Exposition in Buffalo, the St. Louis Exposition in 1904, and the Salmagundi Club in New York. Awards received include a gold medal in 1896 from the Philadelphia Art Club and a prize at the 1900 Paris Exposition, among others. His works are in the collections of the Metropolitan Museum of Art, the Pennsylvania Academy, the Allentown Art Museum, the John Herron Art Institute (now the Indianapolis Museum of Art), and the Worcester Art Museum (Massachusetts). Snell's career suffered a decline in the 1930s, and he sometimes bartered paintings for services, a common practice among the New Hope artists. In one moving story, a local doctor attending Snell at his death was given one of the artist's canvases by his widow as an act of gratitude. This painting, The Barber's Shop, is now in the collection of the James A. Michener Art Museum.

Snell died on January 17, 1943, in New Hope.

Biography courtesy of Roughton Galleries, www.antiquesandfineart.com/roughton

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