Charles Temple Dix (1840-1873), son of General John A. Dix, himself a discriminating patron of native art, was born on February 28, 1840 in Albany, New York and died in Rome, Italy in 1873. He is considered an American marine painter. Dix graduated from Union College. Upon his graduation, he became an officer in the army. While serving as a Major in the Union Army, Dix continued to paint historical naval battle scenes.
He was elected Associate member of the National Academy at the conclusion of the war. Dix exhibited at the National Academy of Design from 1861 to 1872. Dix also exhibited at the Royal Academy in 1866 an 1877.
Museum of Fine Arts, Karolik Collection, Boston, MA
Peabody Museum, Salem, MA
Allgemeines Kunstler Lexicon, Hermann Alexander Muller, Frankfort-on-Main, 1895-1901.
Appleton's Cyclopaedia of American Biography, edited by James Grant Wilson and John Fiske, New York, D. Appleton & Company, 1887
Artists of the Nineteenth Century and their Works, Clara Erskine Clement (Waters) and Laurence Hutton, Boston, MA, 1885, and New York, 1907.
Cyclopedia of Painter and Paintings, John Denison Champlin, Jr., and Charles C. Perkins, New York, 1913 edition.
Dictionary of American Painters, Sculptors, and Engravers, Mantle Fielding, Philadelphia, 1926
Allgemeines Lexikon der Bildenden Kunstler, Ulrich Thieme und Felix Becker, Leipzip, 1907.
Book of the Artists, American Artist Life, Henry T. Tuckerman, New York, 1882
Biography courtesy of Roughton Galleries, www.antiquesandfineart.com/roughton